Background

Karnali

01 Karnali is the least developed and most remote zone of Nepal. As per The UN Human Development Report, the overall composite index ranks Dolpa, Jumla, Kalikot, Humla and Mugu as 67th, 69th, 70th, 74th and 75th respectively out of 75 districts in Nepal. Karnali is also the most affecred district during the ten year long Maoist insurgency. "The average life expectancy of the people in this region is less than 46 years, nearly a half of the national average. About 81% of the adult population above 15 years is functionally illiterate while 63% of the children in the age group of 10 -14 is illiterate. 57% of the children below five years are malnourished. 81% of the total population above 10 years performs an extreme form of physical labour to eke out a living, of which 79% are men and 82% women. Based on the Victim profile on KIRDARC (1268 out of 13000) 10 percent people lost their life alone in Karnali and the state policy on conflict victim has yet to implement. All this leads to a conclusion that the striking majority of the Karnali people have difficulty obtaining the bare minimum of necessities required to live a normal life." KIRDARC, Karnali Kachahari (www.karnalikachahari.org)

Kalikot

Nestled in the lap of high hills as high as 4790 m from sea level, Kalikot district-a rural mountainous district in Karnali zone, Mid-western Development Region, Nepal-borders with Jumla district (Karnali Zone) in the east, Accham district (Seti zone) in the west, Bajura district (Seti Zone) and Mugu (Karnali Zone) in the North and Dailekh and Jajarkot districts (Bheri Zone) in the south. Due to remote geographical features and the state neglect, Kalikot district lacks even the basic infrastructures of development. Even after 30 years, the only airport in the district is still under construction. Muddy Karnali Highway runs through the district but touches only one-fourth of VDCs. Almost all VDCs except Manma (Headquarter) lack electricity, basic telecommunication services and health facilities. People in Kalikot as like other Karnali districts face some of the worst living conditions in the world.

01Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Nepal has some surprising statistics published in District Profile Booklet 2065 B.S. (2008 A.D.). Since no other such data have been collected, as per its 2058's (2001's) National Census data, 57% of people in the district live under extreme poverty. Per capita income lies at Rs. 6000 (around $83) per year and average life expectancy remains at 42. Only 57.27% of children are literate where as overall literacy rate is at just 38.47%. Still 45.95% of children involve in some kinds of economic activity instead of going to school. Even though, some significant changes have been seen in the lives of people in ten years time, data do not seem to have shown drastic progress. "In Kalikot district, 57% of people live under extreme poverty. Per capita income lies at Rs. 6000 / around $83 and average life expectancy remains at 42. 57.27% of children are literate where as overall literacy rate is at just 38.47%. Still 45.95% of children involve in some kinds of economic activity instead of going to school."

Establishment of Modern Model Residential School

Being awaked by the pitiful above data and seeing the darkness in education, some of the urban educated local guys under the leadership of school founder Prakash Bista came up with a vision of establishing model schools in different VDCs of the district. Thus, Modern Model Residential School was born in Lalu VDC as a pilot school. Lalu VDC was chosen at first since it is the most densely populated VDC (536 per km2) as of 2058 B.S. (CBS District Profile data) with the second highest population in the district.

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Parents of one-third of students in each class deposit Rs. 25,000/ per child for free study till class ten, parents of one-third of students pay Rs. 200 per student per month and one third of students study for free in each class.

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